Thinking of innovation through the prism of design is not just a theoretical challenge, it is a practical one too. It raises the awareness of the risk of confusing research policy with innovation policy. If much new knowledge or many new inventions created in France (such as the personal computer), were exploited economically in countries like the United States and not France, could this not be precisely due to the fact that in France we have historically preferred to develop a scientific culture rather than a culture of innovation?

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Information technology is now essential in many fields. Be it for banking or sales, electronic voting, piloting planes and cars, pacemakers, insulin pumps or scientific instruments, computers perform functions which are critical, and sometimes vital, in the real sense of the term. It is therefore essential that circuits, software and development tools function irreproachably. This requirement however, runs up against an intrinsic flaw in computers: bugs, tiny human errors in code that calculations can amplify to the point of causing serious damage.

In 1994, Intel had to spend 475 million dollars to correct a bug in a Pentium Pro microproc...

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Photo Bernard Martinez


Managing Editor


La Recherche, founded in 1970, is a major source of science information in France for science-interested citizens, leading universities and research institutions. The site publishes the English version of a series of articles about the most advanced achievements appearing in our printed French version.


November 11, 2018

November 11, 2018

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