American scientist, Dr. David Liu, is considered one of today’s most brilliant researchers. His lab’s genome editing technology can be used to correct pathogenic point mutations, or single-letter changes, in DNA. This powerful tool can, in theory, treat diseases that are caused by single-letter DNA changes and potentially provide improvements to agronomic techniques.

French scientist Stéphane Mallat is a specialist in deep learning algorithms, and is behind the new data sciences chair at the Collège de France. This has also been the topic of his lectures since January, with the aim of deepening the links between mathematics and applications.

Barry Barish played a key role in detecting gravitational waves, mobilising the scientific community in the international Ligo project, which first observed the collision of two black holes in 2015. The American physicist talks about one of the greatest collaborations in contemporary science.

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 2008 for jointly discovering the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). She looks back at the many strategies to eliminate the cells that carry it and talks about the search for a vaccine against AIDS and her progress towards other vaccines in the future.

In only fifteen years, China has come to the forefront in quantum information technologies. A motion marked this year with the first functional quantum internet backbone, and an experimental quantum satellite —coupled with a similar instrument aboard the Chinese space station. Meeting with one of the major artisans of this success

Shaking the world of cosmology is a debate between the proponents of cosmic inflation, in the large majority, and a handful of physicists thinking outside the box and highlighting unique solutions for describing the primordial Universe. For the moment, there is insufficient data to plump for either side, believes cosmologist Robert Brandenberger. Interview conducted by Philippe Pajot.

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Photo Bernard Martinez

DR. DOMINIQUE LEGLU

Managing Editor

 

La Recherche, founded in 1970, is a major source of science information in France for science-interested citizens, leading universities and research institutions. The site Researchinfrance.com publishes the English version of a series of articles about the most advanced achievements appearing in our printed French version.

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November 11, 2018

November 11, 2018

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