When was Jerusalem founded? What was its history? Calling into question the Bible version, which took precedence until now, dozens of digs carried out by Israeli archaeologists are upsetting the official history. Hypotheses on the size of the town around 2000 years BCE, prior to the arrival of the Israelites, remain controversial.

This year, the Deep Carbon Observatory will be ten years old. Geologist Isabelle Daniel, a member of the coordinating team, reviews this active international project to study the carbon cycle under the surface of the earth and discover the abundant life that lives up to 5 km below the surface of the continents.

The climate policies aimed at achieving the ambitious goal of stabilising global warming at 2°C, stipulated in the 2015 Paris Agreement, are going to cost a lot of money. To finance sustainable solutions, abundant private savings need to be redirected towards long-term investment in infrastructure, encouraged by the public authorities.

Using a technique called transcranial direct current stimulation, researchers at the Coma Science Group in Liège, have managed to improve the consciousness of some patients emerging from a coma caused by cranial trauma or a heart attack.

Can a solid be built that casts various shadows such as the letters of your name or the profiles of your friends? Yes if, visually, nothing distinguishes the shadow cast from the desired image.

The climate is warming, but there is still time to act: this is the message being repeated by the paleoclimatologist Valérie Masson-Delmotte, prior to COP24 held in Poland from 3rd to 14th December. Her role in the IPCC makes her one of France’s leading figures in sharing knowledge about climate change.

Fungi are key actors in biodiversity. We are gradually discovering the fundamental role they play in the proper operation of ecosystems. Specialist in this field, Francis Martin, a microbiologist at INRA, has discovered how these organisms dialogue with trees

Unlike the moral rules, the major laws of bioethics anticipate their own senescence because they must confront a permanent change.

Why do we age? Work on the underlying biological process suggests that, without necessarily becoming eternal, we could limit the consequences of aging on memory and cognition.

We collectively failed to put in place sufficient economic incentives to initiate the necessary transformation of our transport. Despite some measures, this is not enough, and the point of no return is approaching.

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Photo Bernard Martinez

DR. DOMINIQUE LEGLU

Managing Editor

 

La Recherche, founded in 1970, is a major source of science information in France for science-interested citizens, leading universities and research institutions. The site Researchinfrance.com publishes the English version of a series of articles about the most advanced achievements appearing in our printed French version.

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November 11, 2018

November 11, 2018

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